BELL, ANDREW JACKSON
BELL, ANDREW JACKSON (1818–1885). Andrew Jackson Bell, pioneer and Texas legislator, was born August 4, 1818, in what would later become Hardeman County, Tennessee, son of William and Julia Johnson Bell. A. J. Bell spent his early life in Alabama, but in 1833 he moved to Texas and settled in the Austin Colony. By 1840 he was the sheriff of Austin County and had accumulated 1,400 acres of land. On February 24, 1842, Bell married Calpernia Hutchinson Shelbourne in Austin.
Bell was a significant landowner holding considerable acreage in Austin and surrounding counties. Andrew Jackson Bell was Austin County's representative to the Fifth Legislature from 1853 through 1854. During the Civil War Bell was the enrolling officer for the Western District of Austin County. Following the Conscription Act of 1862 Bell faced large-scale protests and "open rebellion" from some of the German settlements in the county. Writing his superiors on January 3, 1863, he claimed that nothing less than a full cavalry regiment would be required to enforce the draft. Bell's suggestion was taken, and martial law was declared in Colorado, Austin, and Fayette counties on January 8, 1863.
After the war Andrew Bell remained in Austin County where he died in his home on June 9, 1885. He is buried in Bethany Cemetery in Austin County.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Jennifer Eckel, "BELL, ANDREW JACKSON," accessed March 28, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbefd.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.