Robert S. Weddle

BARBIER INFANT. In the fall of 1688 a child was born to Gabriel Minime, Sieur de Barbier, and his wife in the Texas colony founded almost four years previously by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. This infant, of whom neither the given name nor the sex is known, was the first child of record born in Texas of European parents and the offspring of the first recorded European marriage there. Like Virginia Dare of the Roanoke colony, the first English child born in America, the infant Barbier suffered an early and cruel fate. Three months old when Karankawa Indians destroyed the French settlement of Fort Saint-Louis, the infant and its mother, like the Talon children, were spared by the native women and taken to their village. When the Indian men returned from the massacre, however, they first killed Madame Barbier, then her babe, "which one of them dashed against a tree while holding it by a foot."


Robert S. Weddle, "La Salle's Survivors," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 75 (April 1972). Robert S. Weddle et al., eds., La Salle, the Mississippi, and the Gulf: Three Primary Documents (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert S. Weddle, "BARBIER INFANT," accessed June 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on October 26, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox