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AZCUÉ, FERNANDO DE (?–?). Fernando de Azcué, alcalde mayor of Saltillo, is credited with the first definite crossing of the Rio Grande by a European. In 1665, in response to continuing Indian attacks, Azcué recruited a company of 103 men from Saltillo and Monterrey. His force, bolstered by 300 Indian allies, forded the Rio Grande near the site of present Eagle Pass and penetrated twenty-four leagues beyond it, where it fought an all-day battle with Cacaxtle Indians. At the conclusion of hostilities, more than 100 natives had been killed and an additional seventy had been captured.


Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976).

Donald E. Chipman


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Donald E. Chipman, "AZCUE, FERNANDO DE," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.