James L. Hailey

ANDERSON, REUBEN (1793–1861). Reuben (Ruben) Anderson, plantation owner, was born in Twiggs County, Georgia, on December 22, 1793. He moved to Montgomery County, Alabama, where he raised two sons and one daughter. In January 1839 he made a gift of fifty slaves to his sons. The entire family moved to Robertson County, Texas, in 1852. They established plantations in the Brazos Bottom near the Port Sullivan community. Reuben Anderson is listed as a wealthy Texan in 1860, where he owned 100 slaves, personal property valued at over $93,000, and real estate worth over $80,000. He was a Freemason. He died on May 2, 1861, and is buried in the Port Sullivan Cemetery.


J. W. Baker, History of Robertson County, Texas (Franklin, Texas: Robertson County Historical Survey Committee, 1970). Randolph B. Campbell, An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821–1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989). Mrs. John T. Martin and Mrs. Louis C. Hill, Milam County, Texas, Records (2 vols., Waco, 1965, 1968). Richard Denny Parker, Historical Recollections of Robertson County, Texas (Salado, Texas: Anson Jones, 1955). Ralph A. Wooster, "Wealthy Texans, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 71 (October 1967).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, James L. Hailey, "ANDERSON, REUBEN," accessed July 23, 2019,

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Modified on October 24, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox