Thomas W. Cutrer

ALLEY, JOHN C. (?–ca. 1822). John C. Alley, one of the Old Three Hundred, was the son of Catherine (Baker) and Thomas Alley. He immigrated to Texas from Missouri in the spring of 1822 with his brothers Abraham and Thomas V. Alley. A fourth brother, Rawson Alley, had moved to the Austin colony the year before, and a fifth, William A. Alley, Jr., joined them in the winter of 1824. The three brothers sailed from New Orleans on the schooner James Lawrence and landed on the west end of Galveston Island. They proceeded on foot up the Brazos River to the Fort Bend settlement and from there to the Atascosito Crossing of the Colorado, where they settled on the east side of the river. During the fall of 1822 or the winter of 1822–23, while canoeing up the Colorado, Alley, John C. Clark, and another man were attacked by a band of Karankawa Indians near the mouth of Skull Creek, and Alley and the third man were killed. The party of Indians also attacked and severely wounded Robert Brotherton. A group of Austin colonists tracked and defeated the Indian party near the scene of Alley's death. On May 16, 1827, Alley's estate was awarded a sitio of land now in Fayette County.


Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). J. H. Kuykendall, "Reminiscences of Early Texans," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6–7 (January, April, July 1903).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "ALLEY, JOHN C.," accessed August 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Modified on September 24, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox