Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


Wayne Gard

ADOUE, JEAN BAPTISTE, SR. (1846–1924). Jean Baptiste Adoue, Sr., banker, was born in Aurignac, France, on October 24, 1846, the son of Jean Marie and Paule (Dorleac) Adoue. In 1861 he arrived in New Orleans with his younger brother. The trip from France to the United States took six months and was planned by the boys' older brother, who was already in the United States. The next year Adoue moved to Bryan, Texas. He subsequently operated a grocery store in Waco for a year before moving to Bremond, where he established a general store and private bank. In 1879 or 1880 he moved to Dallas and with several partners established a bank, Flippen, Adoue, and Lobit. Five years later he married Mittie Simpson, and the couple eventually had four children, including Jean Baptiste Adoue, Jr. Adoue became the president of his bank when it became the National Bank of Commerce in 1892. He continued as president until his death. In addition to his banking endeavors he was a partner in an investment firm and the director of two insurance companies. He was director and treasurer of the Old Dallas Club, a member of the City Club, a Mason, and a Shriner. He was the treasurer of the State Fair of Texas from 1899 until his death. He was appointed a French consular agent to settle the affairs of the La Réunion colony, a task he had just completed at the time of his death. He was a trustee of the Oak Cliff College for Young Ladies. On June 20, 1924, Adoue committed suicide in his Dallas home.

Dallas Morning News, June 21, 1924. Ellis A. Davis and Edwin H. Grobe, comps., The Encyclopedia of Texas (2 vols., 1922?). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Wayne Gard, "ADOUE, JEAN BAPTISTE, SR.," accessed August 21, 2019,

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox