EL CAMINO DEL CABALLO
EL CAMINO DEL CABALLO. El Camino del Caballo (also known as Contraband Trace and Smugglers' Road) was a network of footpaths across the southern part of what is now Nacogdoches County, used for smuggling goods from Louisiana into Spanish Texas, particularly between 1800 and 1820. The main route left the Old San Antonio Road near Arroyo Loco, west of Nacogdoches, crossed the lands of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches Mission, crossed Moral Creek near its junction with Alazan Creek, and then traversed lands granted to Nepomuceno de la Cerda and José María Mora. Near Carrizo Creek the trace joined another trail that came from the Saline Crossing of the Angelina River. From that juncture the smugglers returned to the Old San Antonio Road or went by Oil Springs, usually crossing Attoyac Bayou two miles below the site of the present State Highway 21 bridge. Efforts of José María Guadiana and other Spanish officials to prevent smuggling of contraband goods by way of the trace proved generally fruitless. The route continued to be used after Mexican independence, and segments remained in use until the 1890s, when fencing of the land cut off sections. Portions of the road could still be seen in 1991.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "EL CAMINO DEL CABALLO," accessed December 15, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/exehh.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.