Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


Robert Wooster

LONE STAR CANAL COMPANY. The Lone Star Canal Company was founded by A. L. Williams and B. R. Garlands in 1902 and incorporated in 1904. The company dug a canal through northern Chambers County that brought water from Turtle Bay (now Lake Anahuac) to rice farmers and provided jobs for local residents. The channels averaged four feet in depth and eighty feet in width from levee to levee. The Lone Star Canal watered 10,000 acres of rice fields. In 1914 the name was changed to Anahuac Canal Company. The next year a hurricane destroyed the company rice warehouse at Anahuac and the pumping station on Turtle Bay. Although the company offices were moved to Beaumont in 1920, the growing problems of saltwater encroachment and poor rice markets led to several changes of ownership. Operations ceased completely from 1927 until 1932, when the company was revived as the Lone Star Canal Corporation. In 1947 Lone Star Canal became the property of the Chambers-Liberty Counties Navigation District. The change of ownership, along with the construction of a more dependable saltwater barrier at the head of Lake Anahuac, improved operational stability.

Jewel Horace Harry, A History of Chambers County (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940; rpt., Dallas: Taylor, 1981). Sally Hill, Lone Star Canal: Application for Official Texas Historical Marker (MS, Chambers County Historical Commission, Anahuac, Texas, 1978).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Wooster, "LONE STAR CANAL COMPANY," accessed July 23, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox