Mickie Baldwin

TRINITY VALLEY AND NORTHERN RAILWAY. The Trinity Valley and Northern Railway Company was incorporated on June 9, 1906, in the interest of the Dayton Lumber Company, to run between Dayton and Cleveland in Liberty County. Ross S. Sterling, James M. West, L. Fouts, E. P. Ladd, and W. W. West were among the incorporators. The capital was $25,000, and the business office was at Dayton. Members of the first board of directors were Fouts and A. L. Rutt, both of Dayton; W. P. Cottingham and Charles B. Wood, both of Houston; C. L. Rutt of Beaumont; Ladd of Ladd, Arkansas; and Alfred Bennett of St. Louis, Missouri. The Dayton Lumber Company had extensive timber holdings in Liberty County and a mill at Ladd, a mile from Dayton, where the TV&N connected with the Texas and New Orleans Railroad. At Cleveland the TV&N would have connected with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway and the Houston East and West Texas Railway, giving the lumber company additional outlets for its lumber. The TV&N was built by the Dayton Lumber Company in 1906 and 1907. However, the initial ten miles from Dayton to Fouts was not operated by the TV&N until 1908 and the remaining eight miles to Lumm until 1911. The rails used by the TV&N were leased from the T&NO. In 1907 the Beaumont, Sour Lake and Western Railway Company built through Fullerton, five miles north of Dayton, giving the TV&N its second trunk line connection. The TV&N in 1916 reported passenger earnings of $1,000 and freight earnings of $11,000 and owned one locomotive and three cars. In 1918 Sterling built the Dayton-Goose Creek Railway Company to Goose Creek and extended it to Baytown the following year. The TV&N served as a link between the D-GC at Dayton and the BSL&W at Fullerton and handled considerable oil-related traffic between the two points. When the D-GC was leased to the T&NO in 1926, the traffic of the TV&N was cut markedly. By this time the timber resources tributary to the TV&N were largely depleted, and the twelve miles between Fullerton and Lumm were abandoned in 1929. The South Texas Hardwood Company, which now owned the mill and the railroad, proposed to move its operations to a new site known as Havens southeast of Cleveland, where it owned considerable timber. Application was made to the Interstate Commerce Commission for authority to construct a new twelve-mile railroad between Cleveland and Havens under the TV&N charter. Havens was five miles north of Lumm, but there was no intention to connect the two segments. However, the ICC refused to authorize the new construction. The line between Dayton and Fullerton became so unprofitable (in 1931 the revenues, all from freight operations, were under $2,000) that the TV&N closed down in April 1932 and was abandoned the following year.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Mickie Baldwin, "TRINITY VALLEY AND NORTHERN RAILWAY," accessed February 21, 2020,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...