GROCE'S RETREAT. Groce's Retreat, Jared E. Groce's plantation home in what is now southwestern Grimes County, was built in 1833 when Groce moved to the site on Wallace Prairie, retreating from the malaria of the Brazos River bottoms. The house was located on a three-acre tract twelve miles south of Navasota on an elevation in prairie country that later was part of the farms of S. D. Mason and N. W. Lyles on the east bank of the Brazos River. While residing at the plantation in early 1836, George C. Childress drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence, which was signed at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 2. President David G. Burnet and his cabinet stayed at Groce's Retreat from March 18 to March 21, 1836, on their way from Washington-on-the-Brazos to Harrisburg; for three days it was thus the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. William Fairfax Gray described the houses of the plantation as numerous but small and crowded. Groce died there on November 20, 1836. His heirs sold the property to a family named Dunham. The property was later purchased by Dugald McAlpine who built his residence a mile north of the former plantation house. Some of the Groce buildings were standing in 1852. A state historical marker on Highway 6 commemorates the site.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Sarah Groce Berlet, "Groce's Retreat," accessed May 24, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ccg04.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles