Thomas N. Campbell

YOJUANE INDIANS. The Yojuane (Diujuan, Iacovane, Iojuan, Joyvan, Yacavan, Yocuana, Yujuane) Indians, a Tonkawan people, are known mainly from the eighteenth century, when they ranged over a large area in east central Texas that extended from the Colorado River east of the site of present Austin northward to the Red River. However, in the second half of the eighteenth century the Yojuanes were largely confined to the southern portion of this range. They were at San Francisco Xavier de Horcasitas Mission near the site of present Rockdale between 1748 and 1756. In the nineteenth century the Yojuane Indians were rarely mentioned, and it is clear that they were included among the bands called Tonkawa during that period. These Tonkawa Indians were assembled on the Brazos Indian Reservation in the area of present Young County in the 1850s and in 1859 were moved to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. After the Civil War some of the Tonkawas returned to northern Texas, where they lived until 1884. In that year they were moved back to Indian Territory. Today the Tonkawa Indians are extinct as an ethnic group.

Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed. and trans., Athanase de Mézières and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier, 1768–1780 (2 vols., Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark, 1914). Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). A. F. Sjoberg, "The Culture of the Tonkawa, A Texas Indian," Texas Journal of Science 5 (September 1953). Dorman H. Winfrey and James M. Day, eds., Texas Indian Papers (4 vols., Austin: Texas State Library, 1959–61; rpt., 5 vols., Austin: Pemberton Press, 1966).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "YOJUANE INDIANS," accessed July 17, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmy10.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox