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XANNA INDIANS. In a Spanish missionary report of 1691 the Xanna Indians were listed among the tribes that lived to the southeast of the Hasinai Caddo Indians of eastern Texas, which suggests that their area was either in eastern Texas or western Louisiana and that the Xannas were not the same as the Sana Indians, who at the same time lived southwest of the Hasinais between the Guadalupe and Brazos rivers. However, one document clearly indicates that the name Sana was occasionally rendered as Xanna. The status of Xanna Indians remains uncertain.

Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
Thomas N. Campbell

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Xanna Indians," accessed November 18, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.