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VENADO INDIANS. In the eighteenth century the Venado (Benado) Indians, whose name is Spanish for "deer," ranged from the vicinity of Duval County in southern Texas southward across the Rio Grande to the area around Cerralvo in northeastern Nuevo León. The Venados were among several Coahuiltecan groups for which San Juan Capistrano Mission was established in 1731 at San Antonio. Later, in 1757, many Venado Indians entered the mission at Camargo, just south of the Rio Grande, and some were reported at this mission as late as 1807. The Venados were also represented at San Francisco Vizarron Mission in northeastern Coahuila.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "VENADO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed October 06, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.