TIXEMU INDIANS. This name appears on a list of tribes (recorded in 1683 at El Paso) known to the Jumano Indians, some of whom traveled extensively in the interior of Texas. Unfortunately the location of the Tixemu Indians is not given. The Tishims, represented by at least one individual at San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio in the middle eighteenth century, were probably the Tixemus known to the Jumanos. If so, a Tonkawan linguistic affiliation is suggested by the fact that a Tishim woman at San Antonio was married to a Yojuane Indian. The Yojuanes were Tonkawans, and several other names on the Jumano list are identifiable as Tonkawan. The similarity of Titskan, the Tonkawa name for themselves, to both Tixemu and Tishim also suggests the same relationship. J. R. Swanton considered the Tishim Indians to be either Coahuiltecan or Tonkawan in language.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "TIXEMU INDIANS," accessed February 21, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmt54.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.