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TEROCODAME INDIANS. In the latter part of the seventeenth century the Terocodame (Codam, Hieroquodame, Oodame, Perocodame, Teroodam) Indians, who were Coahuiltecans, lived on both sides of the Rio Grande near the site of present Eagle Pass. In 1700 San Francisco Solano Mission was built within their favorite settlement area, and the whole band seems to have entered as a unit. The records of this mission suggest that the Terocodames constituted the dominant band in an incipient confederation of local bands. Some of the Terocodame Indians followed San Francisco Solano Mission when it was moved to San Antonio in 1718 and became known as San Antonio de Valero Mission. J. D. Forbes has questioned the identification of the Terocodame Indians as Coahuiltecan, but he presents no alternative linguistic identification.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Jack D. Forbes, "Unknown Athapaskans: The Identification of the Jano, Jocome, Jumano, Manso, Suma, and Other Indian Tribes of the Southwest," Ethnohistory 6 (Spring 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TEROCODAME INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.