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SOUANETTO INDIANS. The Souanetto Indians are known only from the journal of Henri Joutel (1787), which lists them as enemies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. The name is similar to Zauanito, the name of another group reported to Spanish missionaries (1691) as enemies of the Hasinai Indians of eastern Texas. The Zauanito seem to have lived to the west of the Hasinai. It seems likely that Souanetto and Zauanito are names for the same people, but this cannot be proved.


BIBLIOGRAPHY: Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SOUANETTO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed June 02, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.