Thomas N. Campbell

SALINERO INDIANS. The name Salinero, "salt producer," was frequently used by the Spanish to refer to Indian groups that exploited local sources of salt. This name was widely used in northern Mexico and Texas. In Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Chihuahua various unrelated Indian groups were known as Salinero. The principal Salinero group in Texas lived along the Pecos River, and their range extended northward along this river into southeastern New Mexico. These Salineros are repeatedly mentioned in documents of the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Sometimes the Salinero Indians were equated with the Natages. It is clear that the Salineros were Apache Indians and that they were among the groups that eventually became known as Mescalero Apaches.

Herbert E. Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in Texas, 1650–1771," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 15 (July 1911). Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). William Edward Dunn, "Apache Relations in Texas, 1718–1750," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 14 (January 1911). Albert H. Schroeder, A Study of the Apache Indians: The Mescalero Apaches, Part III, Vol. 1 (New York: Garland, 1974).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "SALINERO INDIANS," accessed August 22, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox