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PATAQUILLA INDIANS. For nearly a century it has been mistakenly believed that there was an Indian group of southern Texas known by the name Pataquilla. This Spanish name referred to a lake in the vicinity of present-day Panna Maria in Karnes County. Near the lake was a ranch operated by San Juan Capistrano Mission of San Antonio in the mid-eighteenth century. The ranch apparently received its name from the nearby lake. In documents the name Pataquilla is variously rendered as Pataguilla, Pataguiya, Patanya, Patauya, and Patoguilla. No Indians at San Juan Capistrano Mission, or anywhere else in Texas, were ever identified as Pataquilla. The error was initiated by an anonymous contributor to the Handbook of American Indians who assumed that the ranch received its name from an Indian group known as Pataquilla.


Peter P. Forrestal, trans., The Solís Diary of 1767, ed. Paul J. Foik (Preliminary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society 1.6 [March 1931]). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Robert S. Weddle and Robert H. Thonhoff, Drama and Conflict: The Texas Saga of 1776 (Austin: Madrona, 1976).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PATAQUILLA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.