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PUCHA INDIANS. In 1683–84 Juan Domínguez de Mendoza led an exploratory expedition from El Paso as far eastward as the junction of the Concho and Colorado rivers east of the area of present San Angelo. In his itinerary he listed the names of thirty-seven Indian groups, including the Puchas, from whom he expected to receive delegations on the Colorado River. Nothing further is known about the Pucha Indians, who seem to have been one of many Indian groups of north central Texas that were swept away by the southward thrust of the Lipan Apache and Comanche Indians in the eighteenth century. However, it is possible that the Puchas were the same people as the Patzau Indians, a Coahuiltecan band of the same period reported as living south of the Edwards Plateau and between the sites of present San Antonio and Eagle Pass. This identity cannot be demonstrated.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PUCHA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.