PRIETO INDIANS. These Coahuiltecan Indians are known through a single report (1794) from Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission near Goliad. In this report they are identified as a subdivision of the Aranama Indians, and it is said that at that time only twelve remained. The name, which is Spanish for "dark ones," suggests that they may have had a darker skin color than other Aranamas, but it may also refer to some distinctive style of body painting.
Esteban L. Portillo, Apuntes para la historia antigua de Coahuila y Texas (Saltillo: Tipografía "El Golfo de México" de Severo Fernández, 1886). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "PRIETO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp84), accessed July 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.