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PRIETO INDIANS. These Coahuiltecan Indians are known through a single report (1794) from Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission near Goliad. In this report they are identified as a subdivision of the Aranama Indians, and it is said that at that time only twelve remained. The name, which is Spanish for "dark ones," suggests that they may have had a darker skin color than other Aranamas, but it may also refer to some distinctive style of body painting.


Esteban L. Portillo, Apuntes para la historia antigua de Coahuila y Texas (Saltillo: Tipografía "El Golfo de México" de Severo Fernández, 1886). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "PRIETO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.