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PIOU INDIANS. This name, about which there is much confusion, is known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicated that the Indians so designated lived just west or southwest of the Hasinai tribes in the late seventeenth century. The confusion arises from the combination of Orcan and Piou, the names of two separate Indian groups, to give a hybridized name, Orcampiou or Orcampion (Orcamipia in Spanish). This error was made in one of the editions of Henri Joutel's journal. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of both Orcan and Piou Indians remain undetermined. Piou is not to be confused with Peinhoum, which refers to another group on the same list of tribes cited as living in the area.


Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PIOU INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 24, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.