Thomas N. Campbell

PIOU INDIANS. This name, about which there is much confusion, is known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicated that the Indians so designated lived just west or southwest of the Hasinai tribes in the late seventeenth century. The confusion arises from the combination of Orcan and Piou, the names of two separate Indian groups, to give a hybridized name, Orcampiou or Orcampion (Orcamipia in Spanish). This error was made in one of the editions of Henri Joutel's journal. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of both Orcan and Piou Indians remain undetermined. Piou is not to be confused with Peinhoum, which refers to another group on the same list of tribes cited as living in the area.

Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "PIOU INDIANS," accessed July 24, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp73.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox