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PELONE INDIANS. The name Pelone, meaning "hairless" or "bald," was frequently applied by the Spanish to Indian groups in which adult males customarily removed all or part of the head hair. In northeastern Mexico removal of head hair was a common practice among the Indians, and at least eight groups known during the eighteenth century were sometimes called Pelones. Nearly all of these groups were also known by other names; some, such as the Carrizo Indians, were at times on the Texas side of the Rio Grande. In the eighteenth century the Lipan Apaches were frequently referred to as the Pelone Indians. When the name Pelone is encountered in documents, it must always be considered in some regional or local context.


Herbert E. Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in Texas, 1650–1771," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 15 (July 1911). William Edward Dunn, "Apache Relations in Texas, 1718–1750," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 14 (January 1911). Joseph Antonio Fernández de Jáuregui Urrutia, Description of Nuevo León, Mexico (1735–1740), ed. Malcolm D. McLean and Eugenio del Hoyo (Monterrey: Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores, 1964). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PELONE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.