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PAUSANE INDIANS. In 1708 the Pausane (Paisano, Pausana, Payzano) Indians lived in northeastern Coahuila and perhaps also in the adjoining part of Texas. In that year some of them entered San Bernardo Mission near present Guerrero, Coahuila. Later the Pausanes were said to be in Texas on the San Antonio River, presumably between the site of present San Antonio and the coast. Before 1738 some of them entered Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission at San Antonio. In 1737 about 300 Pausane Indians were induced to enter San Francisco Vizarrón de los Pausanes Mission near the site of modern La Unión, northeastern Coahuila. It is clear that the Pausanes spoke a Coahuiltecan dialect, but the question of whether they are the same as the Paisano Indians of northern Tamaulipas remains open.


Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940). Robert S. Weddle, San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "PAUSANE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.