Thomas N. Campbell

PATIRI INDIANS. This small tribe, which is now regarded as Atakapan in language, lived in southeastern Texas during the eighteenth century. The Patiris seem to have ranged over the territory that lay between that of the Bidai and the Akokisa Indians. This would place them in the area between Houston and Huntsville. From 1749 to 1751 the Patiris, along with other Atakapan-speaking groups, particularly the Akokisas, Bidais, and Deadoses, were represented at San Ildefonso Mission near what is now Rockdale. After this the Patiris dropped out of sight. They probably lost their ethnic identity among the Bidais and Akokisas, who survived into the nineteenth century. Sound correspondences in the names suggest that the Patiris may have been the same people as the Petaros, who in the late seventeenth century were listed in records of the La Salle expedition as living in the same general area.

Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). Andre Sjoberg, The Bidai Indians of Southeastern Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1951). John R. Swanton, The Indians of the Southeastern United States (Washington: GPO, 1946).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "PATIRI INDIANS," accessed June 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox