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PATALCA INDIANS. Patalca (Iatalca, Pataloque, Patuleco) Indians were first reported in northeastern Coahuila during the 1670s under the names Pataloque and Patuleco. Thereafter they appear under the name Patalca at Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission in San Antonio, which they first entered in 1733. Since most of their associates were Coahuiltecans, it seems likely that the Patalcas spoke a Coahuiltecan dialect.


Herbert E. Bolton, "Spanish Mission Records at San Antonio," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 10 (April 1907). Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). J. Jesús Figueroa Torres, Fr. Juan Larios, defensor de los Indios y fundador de Coahuila (Mexico City: Editorial Jus, 1963). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Esteban L. Portillo, Apuntes para la historia antigua de Coahuila y Texas (Saltillo: Tipografía "El Golfo de México" de Severo Fernández, 1886). Richard Santos, "A Preliminary Survey of the San Fernando Archives," Texas Libraries 28 (Winter 1966–67).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "PATALCA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.