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PARCHAQUE INDIANS. The Parchaque (Pachague, Pachaque, Parchaca) Indians were Coahuiltecan Indians who are known only from the late seventeenth century. At this time they lived in northeastern Coahuila but sometimes crossed the Rio Grande to forage in Texas south of the Edwards Plateau. Apparently they were not the same people as the Paachiques, whose name sometimes appeared on the same local list of bands. Identifications of Parchaque Indians with Pachoche and Pakawa Indians are not phonetically acceptable.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PARCHAQUE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 25, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.