Thomas N. Campbell

PANASIU INDIANS. These Indians, overlooked by most scholars, were recorded in 1690 by Damián Massanet as one of eight groups he had encountered on the Guadalupe River east of what is now San Antonio. In the following year Massanet wrote that the Indians named on the 1690 list did not speak the language now known as Coahuilteco. Just what language or languages the Panasius and their Guadalupe River associates spoke remains unknown. Apparently the Panasius lost their ethnic identity before 1718, for they were not recorded as being represented at any of the Spanish missions of southern Texas. Spanish copyists in Mexico City misread Massanet's 1690 list of Guadalupe River Indians and combined the names of two groups, Sana and Panasiu, producing two spurious name variants, Sanpanasiu and Sanpansia.

Boletín del Archivo General de la Nación 6 (1958). Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "PANASIU INDIANS," accessed June 24, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox