PAMPOPA INDIANS. The Pampopa (Apompia, Pampoca, Pamposa, Panpoa, and other variants) Indians are known mainly from the first half of the eighteenth century, during which time they were frequently reported in rancherías on the Medina, Frio, and Nueces rivers west, southwest, and south of the site of present San Antonio. This would place their range in the area now covered by Bexar, Medina, Frio, Atascosa, La Salle, and McMullen counties. In 1727 500 Pampopa Indians were said to be on the Nueces River, apparently on the great southward bend of that river in La Salle and McMullen counties. Some Pampopas entered San Juan Bautista Mission, near present Guerrero, Coahuila, in 1701 and were reported still there as late as 1762. A few Pampopa individuals seem also to have been at nearby San Bernardo Mission in 1747. Relatively large numbers of Pampopas entered the San Antonio missions, a few went to San Antonio de Valero Mission but most of them (at least 200) went to San José y San Miguel de Aguayo in the early 1720s. During the 1730s the Pampopas sometimes deserted San José Mission to return to their traditional range. Some Pampopa Indians were still living at San José as late as 1793. It is evident that they eventually lost their identity in the mission Indian populations of northeastern Coahuila and southern Texas. The linguistic evidence clearly indicates that the Pampopas spoke a Coahuiltecan dialect.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Pampopa Indians," accessed May 31, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp24.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles