Thomas N. Campbell

PAGUAN INDIANS. The Paguan (Paguanan, Paguona, Pahuanan, Pguan, Poguan, Puyua) Indians were first mentioned in 1690, at which time they seem to have lived somewhere in Texas south of the Edwards Plateau. In 1707–08 they were living east of the missions of northeastern Coahuila, which would place them in Texas, possibly in the vicinity of present Dimmit and La Salle counties. Later (1743–51) a few Paguans entered San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio. Hodge, Swanton, and others have listed the Paguan and Paguanan Indians as separate Coahuiltecan groups, but no convincing evidence has been found that supports this judgment. The similarity of Paguan to Payuguan has led to some difficulty in separating variants of the two names. Herbert E. Bolton (in Hodge) suggested that these two names may actually refer to the same people, which now appears unlikely.

Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Alonso de León et al., Historia de Nuevo León (Monterrey: Centro de Estudios Humanísticos de la Universidad de Nuevo León, 1961). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915). Richard Santos, "A Preliminary Survey of the San Fernando Archives," Texas Libraries 28 (Winter 1966–67). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940). Robert S. Weddle, San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "PAGUAN INDIANS," accessed August 20, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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