Thomas N. Campbell

OREJONE INDIANS. In the early eighteenth century these Coahuiltecan Indians lived near the Texas coast between the San Antonio and Nueces rivers. What is now Bee County may have been the approximate center of their territorial range. The Orejone (Orejón, Orejana) Indians were the principal band for which San Juan Capistrano Mission was established at San Antonio in 1731, and at this mission they frequently intermarried with the Pamaques, their former neighbors. Some Orejone Indians were also at the nearby Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission as early as 1733. A few Orejone individuals were taken from San Antonio to the short-lived Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria Mission on the San Gabriel River near the site of present Rockdale in Milam County, where they served as interpreters. Since Orejone Indians were reported near the coast as late as 1780, it is evident that not all of them entered the San Antonio missions. The Spanish name Orejón suggests that these people had something distinctive about their ears, perhaps mutilation and enlargement of the lobes for wearing earplugs.

Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "OREJONE INDIANS," accessed February 24, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmo13.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...