OREJONE INDIANS. In the early eighteenth century these Coahuiltecan Indians lived near the Texas coast between the San Antonio and Nueces rivers. What is now Bee County may have been the approximate center of their territorial range. The Orejone (Orejón, Orejana) Indians were the principal band for which San Juan Capistrano Mission was established at San Antonio in 1731, and at this mission they frequently intermarried with the Pamaques, their former neighbors. Some Orejone Indians were also at the nearby Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission as early as 1733. A few Orejone individuals were taken from San Antonio to the short-lived Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria Mission on the San Gabriel River near the site of present Rockdale in Milam County, where they served as interpreters. Since Orejone Indians were reported near the coast as late as 1780, it is evident that not all of them entered the San Antonio missions. The Spanish name Orejón suggests that these people had something distinctive about their ears, perhaps mutilation and enlargement of the lobes for wearing earplugs.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Orejone Indians," accessed September 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmo13.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.