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ORANCHO INDIANS. This name appears on a long list of Indian groups from which Juan Domínguez de Mendoza expected to receive delegations in 1684, when he was in the western part of the Edwards Plateau. Sound correspondences in names suggest linkage with Uracha Indians, a band recorded (1764) in baptismal records of San Antonio de Valero Mission at future San Antonio. Nothing further is known about the identity of either group. J. R. Swanton listed the Urachas as probably Coahuiltecan in speech, but no evidence has been found that supports this assessment.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "ORANCHO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.