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OBORI INDIANS. The name of this group is usually rendered as Obozi, but Obozi is the result of an early copyist's error. The Obori Indians are mentioned in a document of 1683, which lists numerous Indian groups known to the Jumano Indians of western Texas. The Jumanos claimed that all of these Indians were friends with whom they frequently traded in their extensive travels. It has been generally assumed that the Obori Indians lived somewhere in Texas, but the document of 1683 does not specify where any of the Jumanos' friends lived. The Oboris cannot be equated with any other group known either before or after 1683. Although Swanton doubtfully listed the Obozi (Obori) Indians as Coahuiltecan in speech, this should not be taken seriously.


Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "OBORI INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed April 02, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.