NECHE INDIANS

Thomas N. Campbell

NECHE INDIANS. The Neche (Nacha, Naesha, Nascha, Nesta, Nouista) Indians, one of the Caddoan-speaking tribes of the Hasinai confederation, lived along the Neches River in the area of present Cherokee and Houston counties during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Neches River received its name from this tribe. The San Francisco de los Neches Mission and its associated presidio were established near the Neche group in 1716. The mission was abandoned in 1719, reestablished in 1721, and finally removed from the region in 1730. One of the major Hasinai fire temples was near the Neche area, and there was also a lesser fire temple in the principal Neche settlement. In the nineteenth century the Neches lost their ethnic identity among the surviving remnants of Hasinai tribes, who in 1855 were placed on the Brazos Indian Reservation in present Young County. In 1859 all the Indians of this reservation were removed to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. Although it has been suggested that the Nechauis were a more southerly group of Neche Indians, this has yet to be proved.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). William Joyce Griffith, The Hasinai Indians of East Texas as Seen by Europeans, 1687–1772 (New Orleans: Tulane University, 1954). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "NECHE INDIANS," accessed September 18, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmn20.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...