While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »

NASONI INDIANS

Thomas N. Campbell

NASONI INDIANS. The Nasoni (Assony, Nasoui, Nassonite, Nisohone, Nazone) Indians, a Caddoan tribe of northeastern Texas in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, was divided into two parts that may be designated as Upper Nasoni and Lower Nasoni. The Upper Nasoni Indians were associated with the northern or Kadohadacho group of Caddoan tribes and lived along the Red River in what is now northern Bowie County. The Lower Nasoni Indians were among the southwestern or Hasinai group of Caddoan tribes and lived in the vicinity of present Rusk County. The Upper Nasonis were under French influence from 1719 until 1762 (a French post was built in their main settlement), but the Lower Nasonis were under Spanish influence (San José de los Nazones Mission was founded among them in 1716). In the latter part of the eighteenth century both groups were greatly reduced in numbers by disease and warfare and by 1880 seem to have lost their identities among neighboring Caddo groups. It seems likely that the Upper Nasoni Indians were absorbed by the Kadohadachos and the Lower Nasonis by the Anadarkos. If so, unidentifiable descendants of both groups may be represented among the surviving Caddo Indians, who today live in Caddo County, Oklahoma.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "NASONI INDIANS," accessed August 03, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmn17.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...