Thomas N. Campbell

NABIRI INDIANS. Although it is generally held that the Nabiri (Nabiti, Nahiti, Nahiri, Naviti) Indians were a Caddoan tribe of the southwestern or Hasinai division in eastern Texas, their identity otherwise is far from clear. Herbert E. Bolton thought that the Nabiris might be the same as Henri Joutel's Noadiche (Nahordike) Indians, presumably a variant of Nabedache, and also suggested that the Nabiris might be the group later known as Anadarko Indians. J. R. Swanton reviewed Bolton's argument and further suggested that the Nabiris might be the tribe later known as Namidish Indians. The arguments presented by Bolton and Swanton are not convincing, and it seems unlikely that all of these interpretations are correct. The proper identification of the Nabiri Indians must await better evidence. Bolton's study of Spanish documents convinced him that the Nabiris lived on the Angelina River near the spot where Cherokee, Nacogdoches, and Rusk counties meet. These documents clearly indicate that the Nabiris lived on the northern margin of the area occupied by Hasinai tribes.

Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "NABIRI INDIANS," accessed June 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox