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MATUCAR INDIANS. The name Matucar, along with such recognizable variants as Matoca, Matocar, and Matuicar, has been found in the baptismal, marriage, and burial registers of San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio. Four register entries for the years 1730–33 are involved, all connected with the same individual, an adult male Matucar. No clues to the aboriginal location or to the language of the Matucar have been found in other documents. J. R. Swanton listed the Matucars among groups he thought might have spoken the Coahuilteco language, but this must be regarded as unconfirmed speculation. Although the names are similar, the Matucars of Valero Mission do not seem to be in any way related to the Matucapams recorded in 1757 as a remnant Indian group of central Tamaulipas.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940). Rudolph C. Troike, "Notes on Coahuiltecan Ethnography," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 32 (1962).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "MATUCAR INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.