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MERACOUMAN INDIANS. The Meracouman (Meraquaman, Muracuman) Indians are known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the late seventeenth century these Indians lived north or northeast of Matagorda Bay, probably near the Colorado River. Although it has been argued that the Meracoumans were Karankawans, the only basis for this is that they probably lived in or near the area later occupied by groups designated by Spanish sources as Karankawan. Attempts to link the Meracouman Indians with tribes known both earlier (Maliacones) and later (Manico, Menenquen, and Merhuan Indians) are not convincing. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of the Meracouman Indians remain undetermined.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "MERACOUMAN INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.