Thomas N. Campbell

MANICO INDIANS. The Manico Indians became known in 1690, when Damián Massanet encountered them with five other Indian groups in the valley of the Frio River southwest of future San Antonio, apparently in or near the area of Frio County. According to Massanet all six groups spoke the language now known as Coahuilteco. In 1708 some of the Manicos were reported as still living in the same area. In 1704 one Manico female was baptized at San Francisco Solano Mission before that mission was moved from its first location at what is now Guerrero, Coahuila. At least nine Manicos entered San Bernardo Mission, also at Guerrero; five Manicos were listed in a San Bernardo census of 1734 and four in a census of 1772. One Nigco Indian was baptized in 1730 at San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio (Nigco appears to be Manico without a prefix). Various scholars have suggested that the name Manico may refer to such widely distributed Indian groups as Cenizos, Maliacons, Meracoumans, and Piniquus. These linkages were based on slight resemblances in the names, and all were made before Massanet's report of 1690 was first published. Nothing specific is recorded about Manico culture.

F. D. Almaráz, Jr., Inventory of the Rio Grande Missions: 1772, San Juan Bautista and San Bernardo (Archaeology and History of the San Juan Bautista Mission Area, Coahuila and Texas, Report No. 2, Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas at San Antonio, 1980). Thomas N. Campbell, Ethnohistoric Notes on Indian Groups Associated with Three Spanish Missions at Guerrero, Coahuila (Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas at San Antonio, 1979). Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "MANICO INDIANS," accessed July 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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