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LAS MULAS INDIANS. No documents have been found that refer to an Indian group known as Las Mulas living anywhere in southern Texas. A. C. Fletcher and J. R. Swanton erroneously assumed that there was a group of Indians known by this Spanish name, which is derived from the name of a ranch, Rancho de las Mulas, established before 1755 on Cibolo Creek east of San Antonio.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Robert S. Weddle and Robert H. Thonhoff, Drama and Conflict: The Texas Saga of 1776 (Austin: Madrona, 1976).

Thomas N. Campbell

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "LAS MULAS INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.