KOUAN INDIANS. The Kouan (Quouan) are known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the late seventeenth century these people lived inland north or perhaps northeast of Matagorda Bay and not far from the Colorado River. The Kouans have been confused with the Kouyam Indians, whose name also occurs on the same French list of Indian groups in this area. Both Kouan and Kouyam Indians have been identified with the Cujanes, a Karankawan tribe that, according to later Spanish sources, lived in the same general area. These identifications have not been demonstrated. On the basis of sound correspondences in the names, identification of Kouan with Cujane seems more plausible.
Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Journal historique du dernier voyage que feu M. de La Sale (Paris: Chez E. Robinot, 1713; Eng. ed., A Journal of the Last Voyage Performed by Monsieur de La Sale to the Gulf of Mexico, London: A. Bell, 1714). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "KOUAN INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmk16), accessed May 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.