JUANCA INDIANS. The Juanca are known mainly from documents written between 1723 and 1772 that pertain to two Spanish missions, San Bernardo of northeastern Coahuila and San Antonio de Valero of San Antonio. Very few Juancas entered each mission. Only one document refers to them as living under native conditions in premission times. This is a report by Damián Massanet, who in 1690 found them in association with twelve other remnant Indian groups, all hunters and gatherers, in the Frio River watershed, apparently in the vicinity of modern Frio County. According to Massanet, these groups spoke the language now known as Coahuilteco. In various documents, particularly the registers of San Antonio de Valero Mission, the name Juanca was sometimes so distorted by missionaries new to the area that scholars have been led to believe the name variants refer to six separate Indian groups. Mission register analysis and phonetic comparison show that the following names all refer to the Juanca Indians: Huacacasa, Juamaca, Juncata, Quanataguo, Tuanca, and Vanca. Two additional names, Janca and Jancae, have been mistakenly identified as variants of the name Tonkawa. These names refer instead to the Juanca Indians.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Juanca Indians," accessed May 27, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmj10.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles