Thomas N. Campbell

GUASA INDIANS. The status of the Guasa (Guaser, Guaza, Guesa, Huasa) Indians in Texas is far from clear. In a Spanish missionary report of 1691 a group identified as Guaza was reported as living about eighty leagues southwest of the Hasinai Caddos. This name did not appear again in documents until the second half of the eighteenth century, when the Guasa Indians were identified as enemies of the Comanches and also as trading with various Indian groups in northeastern Texas. These Guasa Indians seem to have been the Osage Indians, who at that time were ranging from western Missouri into eastern Kansas and Oklahoma. At present it is not possible to link the Guazas of 1691 with the Guasas of the late eighteenth century.

Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942). R. C. Troike, "A Pawnee Visit to San Antonio in 1795," Ethnohistory 11 (1964).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "GUASA INDIANS," accessed May 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox