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GINCAPE INDIANS. This name appears only in the 1784–85 baptismal records at San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission in San Antonio. Gincape is evidently a variant of Inocoplo, the name of a presumably Coahuiltecan people who lived in central Tamaulipas during the middle eighteenth century. This identification is supported by the fact that the Gincape Indians entered the mission at the same time as Mulatos, Salapaques, and Tenicapemes, all from Tamaulipas. Furthermore, Gabriel Saldivar indicates that the Mulato Indians of Tamaulipas constituted a subdivision of the Inocoplo.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Gabriel Saldivar, Los Indios de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Pan American Institute of Geography and History, 1943).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "GINCAPE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.