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ERIGOANNA INDIANS. This group is known only from brief mention in French documents that pertain to the La Salle expedition. In 1687 the Erigoanna Indians were enemies of the Ebahamos, a Karankawan group that lived in the vicinity of La Salle's Fort St. Louis near Matagorda Bay. A group of Ebahamo warriors told La Salle that their enemies lived farther inland to the northwest. Sound correspondences suggest that Erigoanna may be a French rendition of Aranama, the name of an early eighteenth-century Coahuiltecan group that lived within striking distance of the Ebahamos to the west and northwest, but this equivalence has yet to be demonstrated.


Albert S. Gatschet, The Karankawa Indians, the Coast People of Texas (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, 1891). John Gilmary Shea, Discovery and Exploration of the Mississippi Valley (New York: Redfield, 1852).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "ERIGOANNA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.