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EMET INDIANS. In the late seventeenth century and during the first half of the eighteenth century the Emet (Emat, Emiti, Ymette) Indians lived on the coastal plain north of Matagorda Bay and between the Guadalupe and Colorado rivers. When encountered by Europeans they were usually occupying settlements jointly with other groups, particularly Cantonas, Cavas, Sanas, Tohos, and Tohahas. Between 1740 and 1750 some of the Emets entered San Antonio de Valero Mission at San Antonio. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of the Emet Indians are still debatable. Most writers have stated that the Emets were probably Tonkawan, but some have suggested a Karankawan affiliation.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). William W. Newcomb, The Indians of Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1961). A. F. Sjoberg, "The Culture of the Tonkawa, A Texas Indian," Texas Journal of Science 5 (September 1953). John R. Swanton, The Indian Tribes of North America (Gross Pointe, Michigan: Scholarly Press, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "EMET INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.