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ECHANCOTE INDIANS. In 1683–1684 Juan Domínguez de Mendoza led an exploratory expedition from El Paso as far eastward as the junction of the Concho and Colorado rivers east of present San Angelo. In his itinerary he listed the names of thirty-seven Indian groups, including the Echancote (Enchacote) Indians, from which he expected to receive delegations on the Colorado River. Nothing further is known about the Echancotes, who seem to have been one of many Indian groups of north central Texas that were swept away by the southward thrust of the Lipan Apache and Comanche Indians in the eighteenth century. The name Echancote is not to be confused with Echuntica, which referred to the Kotsoteka band of Comanche in later times.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "ECHANCOTE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed April 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.