CUITAO INDIANS. The Cuitao (Cuitoa, Cuitoat) Indians were known only in the seventeenth century. Their location hinges upon identification of a river referred to by the Spanish as Río Nueces. This was not the present Nueces River of southern Texas but a river much farther north. Two schools of thought have emerged concerning the identity of this river. One school identifies it as the Colorado River in west central Texas, and the other identifies it as either the Red River or Canadian River of Texas and Oklahoma. Since each identification leaves certain important details unexplained, the status of the Río Nueces remains undetermined. However, it is important to note that, regardless of river identification, the Cuitao area was either in north central Texas or that portion of Oklahoma north of it. A. H. Schroeder's suggestion that the Cuitaos were probably a Wichita group therefore appears reasonable. The phonetic resemblance of Cuitao to Quitaca may be significant, especially since the Quitaca Indians seem also to have been a Wichita group.
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of the North Mexican States and Texas (2 vols., San Francisco: History Company, 1886, 1889). Herbert E. Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in Texas, 1650–1771," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 15 (July 1911). Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). George E. Hyde, Indians of the High Plains: From the Prehistoric Period to the Coming of Europeans (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1959). Albert H. Schroeder, "A Re-Analysis of the Routes of Coronado and Oñate into the Plains in 1541 and 1601," Plains Anthropologist 7 (February 1962). S. L. Tyler and H. D. Taylor, "The Report of Fray Alonso de Posadas in Relation to Quivira and Teguayo," New Mexico Historical Review 33 (October 1958).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "CUITAO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc96), accessed March 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.