- Get Involved
COPANE INDIANS. The Copane (Cobane, Coopane, Kopano) Indians were Karankawans who, in the eighteenth century, lived in the middle section of the Texas coast, mainly on and between Copano and San Antonio bays. Little is known about the Copanes other than that they were represented at the coastal missions of Nuestra Señora del Rosario and Nuestra Señora del Refugio between 1751 and 1828. It seems likely that the Copane Indians who survived the mission period joined remnants of other Karankawan groups that became known as the Karankawa Indians. All Karankawan groups became extinct by 1858.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Herbert E. Bolton, "The Founding of Mission Rosario: A Chapter in the History of the Gulf Coast," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 10 (October 1906). H. E. Bolton, "Records of the Mission of Nuestra Señora del Refugio," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 14 (October 1910). Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). William E. Dunn, "The Founding of Nuestra Señora del Refugio, the Last Spanish Mission in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 25 (January 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). William H. Oberste, History of Refugio Mission (Refugio, Texas: Refugio Timely Remarks, 1942).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "COPANE INDIANS," accessed March 25, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc86.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.