Thomas N. Campbell

CLUETAU INDIANS. The name Cluetau is known from the registers of San Antonio de Valero Mission in San Antonio. Seven register entries for the period 1719–35 refer to one adult female. In three of these entries no ethnic identity is recorded; in two entries the woman is identified as a Sana; and in the two remaining entries she is identified as a Cluetau. This ambiguity makes it difficult to establish that Cluetau denotes a firm ethnic identity. Presumably there actually was an Indian group designated by this name, but the name, or some recognizable variant of it, has never been found in other documents. J. R. Swanton suggested that the Cluetaus may have spoken the Coahuilteco language. As there is no pre-mission information on Cluetau location and language, this suggestion is misleading.

Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "CLUETAU INDIANS," accessed May 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox