Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon

CAXO INDIANS

CAXO INDIANS. The Caxo Indians, a tribe of the southwestern or Hasinai division of Caddo Indians, are known from a single 1691 Spanish missionary report. J. R. Swanton identified the Caxos with the Cachaés and followed H. E. Bolton in equating the Cachaés with the Hainais. This is strictly a matter of modern inference and opinion. Caxo and Cachaé both occur as names of tribes in the same document without any indication that they refer to the same people. Bolton argued that Cachaé was an early name for the Hainai (both names are associated with the same area) and that Cataye was a synonym for Cachaé. No early Spanish authority ever stated that Caxo, Cachaé, Cataye, and Hainai were different names for the same people.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
Thomas N. Campbell

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Caxo Indians," accessed September 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc42.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.